Thursday, December 24, 2015

Causes of Type II diabetes.. Obesity. Family history. Different strains or races. Low birth weight

I have worked in the study showed in 2001 to nearly 85,000 nurses, that obesity was the main reason the first to risk of type II diabetes. A recent study also showed that the weight loss equivalent to only 5% may be sufficient to prevent diabetes type II when obese people who suffer from impaired glucose tolerance.It is estimated that 80% to 95% of the current increase in diabetes type II is due to obesity and increased fat in the abdominal area. As an increase in fat may play an important role in insulin resistance, but also a way body fat distribution is also important.
Increased weight around the abdomen and the upper part of the body (apple shape ( His relationship with insulin resistance and the occurrence of diabetes, heart disease, increased blood pressure, stroke, and increased rates of unhealthy cholesterol. While fat in the form of pear (Pear -   shape) Around the hips may not be related to the above-mentioned diseases. The study suggested that if your waist   Larger than 35 inches (89 cm) in women and 40 inches (102 cm) in men, it may lead to increased risk of heart disease and diabetes   (Defronzo, 1997). 
It must be noted here that obesity alone may not explain all cases of type II diabetes, which also spread in people from other countries known low weight, such as Asia and India.
Why is the shape of the apple In the middle of the abdomen is healthy?
Vary the proportion of the risk of type II diabetes according to where stored fat from the body. If fat is concentrated in the center of the abdomen (apple shape), the risk of type II diabetes than if they were obese at the level of the hips.
The explanation is that the fat cells in the center of the abdomen release of fat in the blood faster than the cells in different parts of the body. For example, the fat begins to take off from the abdomen after three to four hours from the last meal large compared to the hours necessary for its launch of fat cells in different parts of the body. And is the ease and speed of release of fat from the abdominal area to provide the necessary energy for the body and to enable rapid human escape when danger or fear. But with the changing lifestyle, building fat in the abdominal area resulting increase in Turaagelesraad rates and free fatty acids. And increased fat one of the main factors that cause insulin resistance.
The shape of the apple filled with fat in the middle of the abdomen almost in patients with type II diabetes has sometimes occurs in adult patients with type I diabetes.
And increase the risk of heart disease equivalent to two and a half times in males with diabetes and have the form of an apple in the center of the abdomen and high-risk equivalent to eight times in women with diabetes and have the form of an apple in the center of the abdomen. To prevent the fat to accumulate in the center of the abdomen, it should reduce the factors that lead to it, which include:
* Alcoholic beverages
* Smoking
* Daily pressures
* Lack of sport
* Increase in weight
* Eat less than three meals a day
* High-fat foods or sugars
Do you have a form of an apple?
To see if you have the form of an apple in the center of the abdomen it is necessary to measure the waist up one inch (2.5 cm) above the navel. After that hip is measured when the show logic of it. The arithmetic is dividing waist measurement output on the output measure around your hips.
If the quotient is greater than 0.8 for females or higher than 1.0 for males, this indicates an unhealthy accumulation of fat in the middle of the abdomen.
If the patient has a form of an apple in the center of the abdomen, it can do the following to improve sensitivity to insulin and thus prevent health problems:
* Eating foods contain calories and little fat.
* Eating small quantities at each meal.
* Eating small amounts of food frequently.
* To maintain a normal level of sugar before breakfast and two hours after eating.
* Avoid alcohol and smoking.
* Maintain sport on an ongoing basis.
* Reduce daily pressures as much as possible.
Family history:
About 25% to 33% of patients with type II diabetes have family members in those infected with the disease. The study showed that people who have a family history of diabetes are more at risk of diabetes have at an early age and symptoms are severe. When a diabetes type I and II in the same family, the factor of genetics have a very large role in the disease. Interestingly, the study showed that patients with type II diabetes and have relatives had type I and II of sugar tend to need insulin therapy but also the lowest risk of heart disease patients who have a family history injury the second type of sugar only.
Different strains or races:
Risk of type II diabetes, as well as the severity of the complications of diabetes, varies between different strains of human beings. It may be of heredity, and economic factors, and an important role in the social difference between strains in humans.
- An American study has shown that men of African Americans more susceptible to the second type of sugar equivalent to one and a half times, and American women of African descent are more prone to risk equivalent to twice, compared to white Americans out. This may be attributed to increased rates of high blood pressure and smoking, as well as the lack of medical care among blacks. Genetics may play also an important role in it. For example, some research has shown that African-Americans have a defect in insulin secretion has nothing to do with nutrition or other factors.
- It has been found that the incidence of diabetes of the second type with larger Native American equivalent to 19 times the incidence among whites, as well as the incidence of type II diabetes in Hispanic Americans greater than that found among whites equivalent to weakness.
Low birth weight:
Research has shown that low birth weight is a risk factor for incidence of type II diabetes. They explained the reason for this to malnutrition in pregnant women, which may lead to an imbalance in the metabolic processes in young children  And the possibility of diabetes.