Tuesday, May 30, 2023

Nurse Agnes is reviewing the report of a client’s routine urinalysis.. Urine pH of 3.0



Nurse Agnes is reviewing the report of a client’s routine urinalysis.

Which value should the nurse consider abnormal?
  • a. Specific gravity of 1.03
  • b. Urine pH of 3.0
  • c. Absence of protein
  • d. Absence of glucose

Answer B.

Normal urine pH is 4.5 to 8; therefore, a urine pH of 3.0 is abnormal. Urine specific gravity normally ranges from 1.002 to 1.035, making this client’s value normal. Normally, urine contains no protein, glucose, ketones, bilirubin, bacteria, casts, or crystals. Red blood cells should measure 0 to 3 per high-power field; white blood cells, 0 to 4 per high-power field. Urine should be clear, its color ranging from pale yellow to deep amber.