Sunday, June 25, 2023

Which of the following should the nurse implement to prepare a client for a KUB (Kidney, Ureter, Bladder) radiograph test.. No special orders are necessary for this examination



Which of the following should the nurse implement to prepare a client for a KUB (Kidney, Ureter, Bladder) radiograph test?

  • A. Client must be NPO before the examination
  • B. Enema to be administered prior to the examination
  • C. Medicate client with Lasix 20 mg IV 30 minutes prior to the examination
  • D. No special orders are necessary for this examination

Answer: D.

No special orders are necessary for this examination
No special preparation is necessary for this examination.

How would you prepare a patient for radiographic examination?

The patient should have nothing to eat or drink after midnight, or 6 hours prior to the imaging study. Allow 2-4 hours for this examination. The patient should have nothing to eat or drink after midnight, or 6 hours prior to the imaging study.

How do you prepare a patient for radiography?

There are no special preparations required for this procedure.

What preparation is necessary before the diagnostic test?

For 6 hours before your test, do not eat or drink (except water). Do not even chew gum. If you have been advised to take your medications with food, eat nothing more than a few soda crackers 4-8 hours prior to your exam.

What should you do before a radiology test?

Do not eat or drink anything except water at least eight (8) hours prior to your procedure, and preferably beginning at 12 a.m. (midnight) the night before your procedure. If you are having an MRI and you have a pacemaker or heart defibrillator, please call our office immediately.

What is the importance of proper patient preparation for a radiographic examination?

Patient preparation is extremely important for ensuring that a high-quality image is produced and that errors are avoided (Table 3). For instance, incorrect patient preparation can lead to "ghost images" which can render the radiographic image undiagnostic.

What are the three basic rules of radiography?

ALARA means avoiding exposure to radiation that does not have a direct benefit to you, even if the dose is small. To do this, you can use three basic protective measures in radiation safety: time, distance, and shielding.

How do I prepare for a KUB ultrasound Australia?

Preparation: Fast from food for six hours prior to your appointment. Also, empty your bladder 1.5 hours prior to your appointment, then drink one litre of water. Then do not empty your bladder.

Which is the correct procedure when performing a bladder scan?

After the urethra is cleaned, a thin, flexible tube (called a catheter) is placed through and into the bladder. The liquid with radioactive material is moved through the tube to fill the bladder and you feel the fullness. The bladder is then scanned, and images are taken of the bladder and kidneys.

What is a radiologic examination of the kidneys ureters and bladder?

An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an x-ray examination of the kidneys, ureters and urinary bladder that uses iodinated contrast material injected into veins. An x-ray exam helps doctors diagnose and treat medical conditions.

What is the best measure to determine kidney function?

Urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR).


A UACR test lets the doctor know how much albumin passes into your urine over a 24-hour period. A urine albumin test result of 30 or above may mean kidney disease.

Which diagnostic examination is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and through the urethra?

Cystoscopy allows a health care provider to view the lower urinary tract to look for problems in the urethra and bladder. Surgical tools can be passed through the cystoscope to treat certain urinary tract conditions.

What is KUB xray format?

The kidneys, ureters, bladder (KUB) radiograph is optimized for assessment of the urogenital system, and should not be confused with the AP supine abdomen view. However, in cases where the patient may have both gastrointestinal and urogenital abnormalities, all pathologies will still be reported.

What position is the patient in for a CT KUB?

The patient is either placed in the supine or prone position into the CT scanner and has to remain still during the procedure. There is an advantage in the prone position, because it allows for better assessment of urinary stones at the vesicoureteral junction.

Which bowel preparations are appropriate for a patient with kidney failure?

The 2 L polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid solution is a safe choice for bowel preparation before colonoscopy in patients with impaired renal function.

What is an important nursing intervention in the care of a client with a kidney stone?

Encourage increased fluid intake and ambulation. Begin IV fluids if patient cannot take adequate oral fluids. Monitor total urine output and patterns of voiding. Encourage ambulation as a means of moving the stone through the urinary tract.

Do you need contrast for KUB?

CT KUB (kidneys, ureters and bladder) or urogram is a non-contrast CT study that investigates the urinary tract. Contrast is not required in this examination to allow calcified structures/ masses to be visualised on the scan.

What are the two rules of radiography?

These rules are:- 1- Two views: One view is too few; 2- Two joints: Above and below the injured bone; 3- Two sides: Compare with the other normal side; 4- Two abnormalities:Find a second abnormality; 5- Two occasions: Compare the current x-ray with a previous one (especially in CXR); 6- Two visits: Repeat after an ...

What are the three 3 major factors affecting radiographic image quality?

The important components of the radiographic image quality include contrast, dynamic range, spatial resolution, noise, and artifacts.

What are the 3 specialties of radiology?

Since the discovery of X-rays in 1895, the applications of radiation in medicine have broadened tremendously in scope. Three specialties have emerged during the last 50 years; namely, diagnostic radiology, therapeutic radiology, and nuclear medicine.