Monday, March 6, 2023

What are the different types of bone fractures?.. Complete/ Incomplete fractures. Open/ Closed fractures



Types of bone fractures:

There are many different types of bone fractures, each categorized based on the nature of the break and the surrounding bone structure. Here are some of the most common types:

1. Complete vs. Incomplete fractures:

- Complete fractures:

The bone breaks completely into two or more pieces.

- Incomplete fractures:

The bone doesn't break completely, but a crack or fissure forms through part of its thickness. This includes:
  • Greenstick fractures: Common in children, where one side of the bone bends and cracks without breaking completely.
  • Compression fractures: The bone collapses or compresses under pressure, often affecting the vertebrae in the spine.

2. Open vs. Closed fractures:

- Open fractures:

The broken bone pierces the skin, exposing the bone to the outside environment. These fractures carry a higher risk of infection and require immediate medical attention.

- Closed fractures:

The break doesn't break through the skin, keeping the bone fragments contained within the surrounding tissue.

3. Other types of fractures:

- Transverse fractures:

The break runs straight across the bone shaft.

- Oblique fractures:

The break runs diagonally across the bone shaft.
Spiral fractures: The break spirals around the bone shaft, often caused by twisting forces.

- Comminuted fractures:

The bone shatters into multiple pieces.

- Avulsion fractures:

A small piece of bone is pulled away from the main bone by a tendon or ligament.

Remember, diagnosing and treating fractures requires proper medical evaluation by a qualified professional. If you suspect you have a broken bone, seek immediate medical attention.