Thursday, March 23, 2023

Steps and methods of early education for children under school age.. Developing their cognitive and perceptual skills



What is early education?

The term early education is used to express the educational programs that are offered to children in the pre-school years, and it is about activities and experiences that help the child in cognitive and social development. We explain the concept of early education as follows:

  • The term early education includes children from birth to the age of eight.
  • Early education includes both formal and informal educational institutions.
  • Early education is one of the prevailing social issues recently.
  • Parents are the child's first teacher as the child begins to develop a sense of self from birth to two years of age.
  • The early education program varies from country to country.
  • The Early Learning Program is designed separately for each age.
  •   Early education is offered in settings such as nurseries, day-care centers and kindergartens that are specifically targeted.
  • Some early education institutions are directed by schools.
  • Early education aims to stimulate the child to promote intellectual, emotional, social and physical development.
  • Early education can be done at home, in school, or by private entities.
  • Early education may be provided to the child during the whole day or during part of the day.
  • Early education may be provided to the child during all months of the year, including the summer period.

What are early education methods?

There are many activities that early education methods can include, according to specific curricula, to prepare children for school and life by developing both academic skills and capabilities that ensure the child’s social and emotional development. Among the most prominent early education methods are:

  • Playing with dolls and games, or symbolic play by imitating children with various roles and characters, playing with sand and playing with water, or playing with building blocks.
  • Art activities and activities that develop skills such as drawing and painting.
  • Musical and motor activities such as singing and rhythmic games, musical games and dancing.
  • Creative and communication activities such as learning stories, reading and memorizing pictures.
  • Awareness activities such as holding conversations with the child, educational games and sports activities.
  • Outdoor activities such as walking and sports competitions.

What are the steps of early education?

Despite the importance of early education in laying the foundations for a child's life, there is weakness in planning and organizing to put the following early education steps in place:

  • Registration of kindergartens and early education schools by the official authorities to facilitate the evaluation of schools and the development of a balanced curriculum for children.
  • Preparing qualified teachers to teach children according to early education methods, by training them by the official authorities.
  • Availability of minimum infrastructure such as a certain number of books and children's games that are educational in nature.
  • Adopting good and appropriate educational programs for each age so that they are reviewed every five years.
  • Educating parents about the child's cognitive and social needs, so they must be aware of the educational curriculum and its suitability for the child's needs.

What is early infant education?

It is possible to teach infants the basics of communication to help them understand the new world around them. We summarize the most important points of early infant education according to the following:

  • The infant begins to learn at birth, as the first years of his life are the prime time for learning.
  • The basic development of a child's brain occurs from birth until the age of three.
  • 90% of brain development occurs in the first five years of a child's life.
  • The first five years of a child's life are an important window for teaching a child new skills.
  • An infant learns the basics of human interaction, such as communicating with others.
  • Appealing to them is organized by the human being, such as communication with the universe, the emotional years of the child, and the role of early education for infants is concerned with providing the child with care, comfort, fun, and play.
  • Early childhood education institutions take into account safety and health levels.
  • Exposure of an infant to music is an important part of cognitive development.
  • Early education infant lessons include songs on a daily basis.
  • Music and sounds are used as a background for the different activities.
  • Games and activities are organized in a way that does not tire the baby.
  • Games in early education centers aim to push the child to explore the world.
  • Activities for babies are tailored to the individual needs of each child.
  • The infant learns through his interactions with adults.
  • Each child handles experiences and activities in a unique way that may not match his peers.
  • Teachers modify and adapt the curriculum to suit the child's interaction and understanding.

Early education for children:

Early education helps the child to know the world around him and explore himself, as it prepares him for the school period, as early education for children achieves the following elements:

  • It ensures the harmonious and integrated development of the child's personality in line with the child's individual needs.
  • It develops the child's ability to interact with other children.
  • It develops the child's ability to communicate and interact with adults and the environment around him to learn and acquire skills.
  • It encourages the child to explore and do various experiments to gain independent learning experiences.
  • Early education helps the child discover his identity and develop a special image of himself.
  • It provides the child with the information and skills that prepare him to enter school.
  • Stimulates the child in proportion to the uniqueness and individuality of his personality.
  • Provides the child with the skills he needs throughout his life, such as the ability to understand, communicate and express himself.
  • Stimulates the child's creative abilities such as drawing, singing and playing.
  • Early education helps the child understand the right to choose in accordance with his or her own needs.
In conclusion, the parents are considered the child's first teacher and the biggest contributor to developing his skills and defining his personality. Therefore, it is necessary to take advantage of the first years of the child's life and start teaching him and preparing him for school and life.