Monday, March 27, 2023

The importance of adolescence and the psychological changes that occur in it



Psychological changes in adolescence:

Adolescents are exposed to several psychological and neurological changes, which can be discussed as follows:

  • Important neurological developments occur during these years, and they are associated with hormonal changes.
  • Developments occur in areas of the brain such as the limbic system, which are responsible for pleasure-seeking, reward processing, emotional responses, and sleep regulation.
  • Changes occur in the prefrontal cortex, the area responsible for so-called executive functions, such as decision-making, regulation, impulse control, and planning for the future.
  • The hormonal and neurodevelopmental changes of adolescence are associated with psychological, social, and emotional changes, and an increase in cognitive abilities, in addition to intellectual changes.
  • Adolescents develop logical and moral reasoning skills, and are better able to think abstractly and make rational judgments.

The importance of adolescence:

It is considered a pivotal stage in the lives of boys and girls, and its importance is focused on the following:

  • An important period in the lives of boys and girls, and a stage that has its own health and developmental needs and rights, being essential to the development of knowledge and skills among adolescents.
  • Boys and girls at this stage learn the science of managing emotions and relationships.
  • Adolescents at this stage acquire the necessary and distinctive features for them, as well as the abilities that enable them to enjoy their years of life, and qualify them to assume adult roles.