Sunday, April 9, 2023

Acute fever in children, its causes and methods of treatment.. Fever due to bacterial or bacterial infections



Acute fever in children:

Acute fever in children means a temperature rise of more than 38 degrees, which is measured through the outlet opening, and the period of infection does not exceed 5 days in children under two years of age, and 7 days in children over two years of age.

The correct way to take a child's temperature:

The process of measuring normal and normal temperatures in children is done through a digital thermometer through the anus.
As for older children, temperatures can be measured under the armpit with an addition of 0.5 to the rate detected by the thermometer.
Using a thermometer that contains a new technique for measuring body temperature at the level of the forehead or ear, but this thermometer can give wrong temperatures when used in the ear due to the presence of gum.

the reasons:

When a child wears clothes a lot, or when he is in a very warm place, or as a result of dehydration, his temperature may rise, and this does not mean that he has a fever.
But the fever is caused by a type of bacterial or bacterial infection.
Bacterial infections in general, the child's body's immunity is able to confront and eliminate them by taking the appropriate treatment regularly and the child's immunity must be good and his nutrition is sound and his growth is integrated with the importance of breastfeeding

And in this case, the fever can go away after 48 hours.
And this fever may last for more than 25 days, and in this case the child must be hospitalized.
In some cases, bacterial infections can also cause temperatures to rise to 41 degrees.

Bacterial infections cause suppuration of the ears, putrefaction, infections in the urine, or the germ of meningitis in the brain, which is a rare condition, but when a child is infected with it, it has negative results.
This condition requires the use of antibiotics.

Complications:

Acute seizures due to fever and concern children between the ages of 3 months and 5 years as a result of incomplete brain formation.

At the age of between 5 and 6 years, seizures can occur, but to a limited extent
It is not possible to have seizures due to acute fever at the age after 6 years
And if a child at this age has seizures, this is evidence of other health problems, such as infections in the head

There are two types of seizures:

Simple seizures:

requiring 24-hour monitoring.

Complex seizures:

Which lasts more than a quarter of an hour and causes the body to dry out.
An increase in the average temperature between 41 and 42 degrees may result in an effect on the organs of the body, or hemorrhage, brain swelling, and coma.
It is an urgent case that requires going to the nearest medical unit.

treatment:

The treatment is from 38.5 degrees in relation to high temperatures, which is evidence of the onset of acute fever.
You must take the medications prescribed by the doctor, which are in the form of suppositories and a parac├ętamol drink.

And these medicines can be taken at a rate of every 4 hours for normal cases.
It is used every 6 hours in special cases for children who suffer from dehydration, chronic liver and kidney diseases, and malnutrition.
Antibiotics can only be used in cases of bacterial infections and with the direct consultation of the child's condition to avoid harming his immunity.

advice:

The child must be given the necessary medicine before going to the doctor.
Reducing the child's clothes and room temperatures less than 20 degrees when he has a fever.
Enabling the child to drink as much water as possible, when requested.
When placing a child in water, the temperature of the water should be two degrees lower than the child's body temperature to avoid harming him with cold water, which may result in him having a seizure.
Avoid frequent use of the thermometer in the child's anus to avoid infections.