Sunday, April 9, 2023

atopic dermatitis in children.. Chronic inflammation of the skin for genetic reasons



atopic dermatitis:

atopic dermatitis in children is a pathological condition and chronic inflammation that occurs in the skin for hereditary reasons as a result of a defect on the surface crust and the lack of fats and oils makes the surface layer, which is the stratum corneum cracked, and as a result of the sensitivity of this area of the skin, many external polluting sources such as (dust and materials Sensitive in perfumes and cosmetics...) able to pass towards the second layer of the skin, which is the dermis, easily to form inflammation

Age groups affected by this disease:

This disease has become present in abundance, as it affects many age groups, including infants at the age of two or three months, and in general at school age, some cases can improve, while signs of the disease continue with other cases, especially in children who suffer from some types of allergies at the level Chest and nose.

Symptoms of the disease:

  • skin dryness.
  • itching.
  • The appearance of dry red traces on the surface of the skin containing dandruff, and the areas of the disease vary according to age.
  • For children: at the level of the cheeks, buttocks, and the outer areas of the arms and thighs.
  • At the age of more than two years: the disease appears in the folds of the body, such as the hands, the folds of the legs, and between the thighs.
  • The appearance of dryness at the level of the pores of the protrusion of hair in the body, especially at the level of the elbows and knees, and some people think that the effects of jaundice are the result of a type of fungus or vitiligo, but these effects are the result of the presence of pigment cells in an unhealthy position, so the pigmentation shrinks and white spots appear on the body .

Prevention and treatment:

  • atopic dermatitis is a chronic disease, so prevention has a very important role, as the skin must avoid dryness and keep moisturizing it through medical materials. There is knowledge of its components and it must be suitable for the skin.
  • Moisturizing should be done on a regular basis.
  • Avoid heat and warmth that contribute to dry skin.
  • Avoid too many covers as they contribute to intensifying the itching process.
  • The temperature of the bathing water should not exceed between 36 and 37 degrees.
  • Avoid wearing woolen clothes and it is advisable to use cotton clothes.
  • Avoid using cosmetics, perfumes and wet wipes.
  • Sufficient use of moisturizing ointments.
  • Apply the ointment in a smooth and soft manner, avoiding pressure and itching.
  • Get the child used to applying the moisturizing ointment by himself when he grows up and becomes able to do so.
  • cleaning.
  • The sensitivity of the child's skin and the dryness in it must be taken into account.
  • Use suitable cleaning materials that do not contribute to drying the baby's skin and that do not contain perfumes and preservatives.
  • Avoid scented materials when washing clothes.

Complications:

- The skin must be moisturized and taken care of to avoid putrefaction as a result of the entry of types of bacteria such as (stafi le coq) (l'Herp├Ęs).

- Awareness must be made of the importance of persevering in the process of moisturizing the skin, as recent studies have shown that it is possible to start the process before the appearance of signs in the child when the genetic factor is available to avoid complications that may affect the lungs, sinuses and eyes.