Thursday, April 6, 2023

Attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity in children



What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children is the most common neurobehavioral disorder in children, and it affects between 5 and 10 percent of them and accompanies them to adolescence by between 40 and 70 percent. Half of those infected with it are their companions until adulthood, as 4 percent of the world's population suffers from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, a neurodevelopmental disorder with which the child was born.

Types of ADHD in children:

There are 3 types:
  • The type that is dominated by lack of attention.
  • The type that is dominated by hyperactivity and haste.
  • The combined type that combines attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsiveness at the same time.

Symptoms:

  • Attention deficiency A child who suffers from attention deficiency is distinguished by not focusing on one thing and being distracted and wandering in his mind when talking to him as if he is not listening to you. Not focusing on one thing and always wasting his school tools while not focusing on the details of exams and homework.
  • Hyperactivity A child who suffers from hyperactivity is characterized by not staying in place at all, fidgeting from sitting on a chair, lack of discipline when eating and also in swearing, touching all the things that are in front of him, playing and talking a lot.
  • Haste A child who suffers from haste is characterized by lack of patience, not waiting for his turn, not reading questions to the last, not reading the calculation of consequences, and not thinking before answering.

The child may suffer from each type separately, or from a combined type that includes the three types together

Does every active child suffer from ADHD?

Not every active child suffers from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, so these symptoms must accompany him for more than 6 months and appear at an early age, before the age of seven years. These symptoms must also accompany him in all the places he goes, not just at home (school, outings...)

A child may be exposed to similar symptoms when going through a sudden accident such as parental divorce, death, illness (inflammation at the ear level and becoming unable to hear well or pay attention) or sleep disorders.

the reasons:

There are no specific reasons, and sometimes we can talk about genetic causes and the mother’s psychological stress during pregnancy, pollution, preservatives and food colorings.

treatment:

There are medications such as (RITALIN) intended for children over the age of 6 years. However, cognitive behavioral therapy is mainly used to teach the child how to focus more, self-control and self-control. And we must not forget the necessity of family guidance for the child and dividing work and study times (starting with teaching him the subjects he loves). Note that these children can only absorb 30 percent of oral information because of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Parents must gradually control them and take care of their sleep and eating (you must know the importance of magnesium, vitamin B and omega 3) as they are very important substances for the child's concentration. And his abilities must be employed in practicing the activities he loves because the child has important abilities to create and innovate.