Thursday, April 20, 2023

Causes of frequent acute infections of the middle ear in children

What is acute otitis media?

Acute otitis media is a common disease and affects a large proportion of children between 50 and 85% under the age of 3 years.

Signs of acute otitis media:

The main signs of this inflammation are:
  • Ear pain: sharp and strong, causing crying and even waking up from sleep
  • Hyperthermia
  • Purulent discharge from the ear in a few cases
  • These infections may recur in children, especially after the age of one year, as more than 40% of them suffer from more than 6 infections.

The diagnosis and treatment of these recurrent infections includes searching for the causes that increase this infection.

Causes of acute otitis media:

Among these reasons:
  • Places crowded with children, such as nurseries, kindergartens, and homes with a large number of children: contact with children infected with viral infections leads to infection and thus otitis media.
  • Exposure to secondhand smoke: contributes to the weakening of immunity
  • Breastfeeding for a short period: Mother's milk strengthens the immunity of children
  • The presence of weakness and imbalance in the child's immunity
  • Presence of congenital and genetic abnormalities such as cleft lip deformity and Down syndrome, trisomie 21
  • Frequent infections of the nose and infections of the nasal polyps, including viral and bacterial
The presence of sensitivity at the level of the nose because it causes chronic inflammation and thus infection of the middle ear.