Tuesday, April 4, 2023

How to take care of children when they have a fever?.. Urgent fever situations



Take care of children when they have a fever:

Fever is one of the first signs of disease in a child, and it is more frequent in infants. Parents are usually afraid when their children’s temperature rises, but the rise in body temperature is a method adopted by the immune system when a foreign body is detected in the body, which is a germ that may be parasitic or viral. Children are usually associated with viral sepsis, but one must be aware that there are cases where the risk is high for children, either because of a very high body temperature or because of a disease that led to a high body temperature. We also mention that long-term fevers that last for more than 10 days are linked to internal diseases that are not Sariyah requires more accurate disclosures and analyzes, which we will address in the coming articles.

Diagnosis:

A high temperature in children is diagnosed by means of a thermometer, which must be used in certain circumstances to obtain the correct temperature, such as if the child was not wearing much clothes or was doing some physical effort, and when the temperature exceeds 38 degrees, we consider that the child has a fever, and if it is Placing a thermometer under the armpit should be an increase of half a degree from the temperature detected by the scale. If the thermometer is placed in the mouth, it should be increased by 0.4 degrees.

the reasons:

A sharp rise in body temperature in children is usually due to viral infections, either at the level of the digestive system or at the level of the respiratory system, or when infected with a germ in the urine. These causes change with the change in the age of the child. Two years are more susceptible to infection with viruses. There are non-bacterial causes that may be behind the child's high temperature, such as sunstroke, dehydration, or some diseases that affect children, such as Kawasaki's disease. The child's high temperature may also be due to drug poisoning or some vaccinations.

Urgent fever situations:

By urgent fever, we mean the case in which the child has a fever that requires his urgent transfer to the nearest hospital or doctor, and it is the case in which the child is under three months, or the fever is accompanied by other neurological symptoms such as convulsions or sleeping a lot, and the child does not interact while touching him, and he may also be infected The infant especially has an epileptic seizure after having a fever, which requires urgent medical intervention. Some children with a fever may develop other symptoms such as stiffness at the level of the neck, the appearance of red dots in separate areas of the body, or the child’s feeling of pain when touching his hands or feet, which are all symptoms that indicate There is an emergency problem that caused the child's body temperature to rise dramatically, so he must go to the hospital to obtain a diagnosis by a specialist.

How to deal with normal febrile situations:

Children can have a normal fever that does not require urgent transfer to the hospital. Rather, some preliminary measures can be taken to reduce the severity of the high temperature, such as relieving the child’s clothes and ventilating the room in which he is. It is also recommended to use cold compresses that are placed on the forehead or neck to reduce this body temperature. A lukewarm bath can also be prepared for the child to relieve the fever. And in the event that the child’s body temperature does not decrease after all the aforementioned procedures, then he will go to drug treatments, which are mainly through paracetamol drugs that are in the form of liquid or injections that are done in the hospital or in the form of suppositories. For paracetamol, a rate of 60 mg per kg is given, and thus The quantity varies according to the weight of the child, and this quantity is distributed throughout the day at a dose rate every six hours. In addition to paracetamol, there are several other medicines that reduce the temperature, but it must be emphasized that more than one type of medicine should not be given to the child because mixing between medicines can raise the temperature. The possibility of side effects of these medicines on the child. And since the high body temperature is an indication of the child's infection with a disease, it is not enough to reduce the fever only, but it is necessary to visit the doctor to obtain the appropriate diagnosis and, accordingly, the appropriate treatments for the child.

Miscellaneous information:

  • Viral infections are the main cause of high fever in children
  • The effects of fever and its complications change with the age of the child
  • The causes of fever in children may not appear if they are under the age of three months clearly, so care must be taken to carry out all examinations to obtain a proper diagnosis
  • The use of medicines to reduce body temperature does not aim to treat the child, but rather aims to improve his condition and reduce the effects of fever on him. Therefore, you should always go to a doctor’s visit to obtain appropriate treatments.