Saturday, April 8, 2023

Hydration of the child in the summer heat and skin care.. What are his needs?

Children's water needs:

Although it seems easy for us to know the exact and necessary amount of water in children, it is not always the case. How do you define that? Find out more in this article.

Child hydration in the summer is similar to children's water needs in general. But it also has some characteristics. Special situations, such as cases of diarrhea and vomiting, require special attention and, accordingly, more water.

Hydration of the child in the summer and skin care:

Proper hydration of children's skin helps prevent atopic dermatitis. A condition characterized, among other things, by dry skin that can sometimes become damaged and pose a risk of infection.

The Spanish Society of Clinical Immunology, Allergy and Pediatric Asthma (SEICAP) warns of the importance of "moisturizing the skin of newborns to strengthen the skin barrier to prevent the entry of allergens and pathogens, as shown in some preliminary research".

Wetting the baby in the normal position:

Part of a child's hydration on hot days has to do with the way they eat. Even if the water requirements of breastfed babies are met, those who are fed powdered milk or semi-solid purees should get extra water.

Although it seems easy to know how much water babies need, this is not always the case. What are the aspects to consider? Do we measure this quantity as we see fit? Is it better to see a pediatrician?
According to research by Miguel Angel Rodríguez Weber and others: “Special considerations are needed when calculating the water needs of newborns and infants; however, all their water needs must be met with breast milk or milk substitutes.”

Children's fluid requirements can be assessed in terms of calories consumed (100 ml per 100 calories) by weight, or as total fluid intake.
Water needs are generally greater in countries with hot climates and in the case of older children when they have more intense physical activity. However, these needs should not be covered by sugar or energy drinks.”

Some common baby hydration mistakes:

According to a statement by Rodriguez-Weber et al., in newborns:

  • Complications can arise due to improper preparation of the milk powder bottle: In the event of over-dilution.
  • This can lead to water intoxication or malnutrition when the bugs are chronic.
  • When powdered milk is more concentrated than normal, it can cause dehydration and hypernatremia," which corresponds to excess sodium in the blood.

Some signs to identify possible dehydration in a child:

Obviously, it is best to avoid signs or manifestations of dehydration in children. However, when they do occur, early identification can make all the difference. Here are the possible signs that can make us think we are dehydrated:

  • restlessness, drowsiness, or irritability;
  • cold or sweaty skin
  • Very low energy, the child seems lethargic
  • Few or no tears in crying
  • Dry mouth or tongue mucous membranes
  • Decreased urine output, or increased color concentration

The issue of water consumption and needs should not be overlooked. And even less in the summer.
Low water consumption that does not meet the needs is very harmful, as is excessive hydration. Either way can lead to potential harm.