Sunday, April 2, 2023

Shigella is one of the most common diseases in children



Shigella is an infectious disease:

Shigella is a bacterial infection that has increased in frequency recently, and high weather temperatures are among the most important factors contributing to its spread. Shigella infection is transmitted from human to human while it is not transmitted through animals, and the infection is through the mouth or human excrement, so we may be transmitted as a result of not washing hands well after going to the bathroom or as a result of drinking contaminated water or fruits and vegetables that have not been cleaned and sterilized before consumption.

Symptoms:

  • Strong pain in the abdomen.
  • severe diarrhea.
  • Bleeding when defecation.
  • vomiting.

Complications:

If the child does not transfer some of the symptoms to a specialist to diagnose his condition and provide appropriate medications, symptoms can develop and reach the stage of complications, the most important of which is dehydration as a result of severe diarrhea, and high body temperature for a long time can affect the safety of the child, especially if he is less than six months. . This can also decrease the blood pressure of the child as a result of the frequent exit of blood when defecating, or acidity can also occur in the blood due to the loss of the body of salts, which is a dangerous condition that requires urgent intervention because it may even lead to death if the child does not receive appropriate treatment. The risk of the disease increases, especially in infants and the elderly, since this disease also affects adults, but its risk is not high except for the elderly.

treatment:

The Shigala treatment is based on antibiotics that eliminate the bacteria and thus the child recovers. A number of additional examinations and analyzes are carried out to ascertain whether this disease has affected other parts of the body, as medications are usually prescribed to adjust the proportion of salts and minerals in the body if the analyzes reveal Decreased percentage of the body. The specialist may have to perform an endoscopic examination of the abdomen and withdraw a sample, because Shigella may cause significant inflammation in the intestine, which is not detected except through the endoscope, which helps to diagnose the condition so that the specialist can determine the type of medication that the child needs, according to his condition.

protection:

There are several preventive measures that should be followed to avoid contracting Shigella infection for children and to avoid transmission of the infection from the child to his siblings or his surroundings, the most important of which are:

  • Sanitize between rest well after each use.
  • Wash children's hands and trim their nails well.
  • Washing and sterilizing vegetables and fruits.
  • Sterilization of drinking water, especially if it comes from wells and boilers.