Sunday, April 2, 2023

What are the complications of diabetes in children? What are the symptoms and methods of treatment?



Children's diabetes:

Juvenile diabetes or type 1 diabetes is a condition of diabetes that affects children and the causes and mechanisms of its occurrence differ from type 2 diabetes that affects adults, which is mainly due to the individual following an unhealthy diet rich in sweets and sugars and produces type 2 diabetes due to the inability of the insulin hormone to carry out its tasks normally. And adjusting the level of diabetes in the blood, while for children, their pancreas is unable to secrete the hormone insulin, so their treatment is mainly based on injections or insulin medications, because it is the only hormone in the body that undertakes the task of reducing blood sugar.

Reasons:

The pancreas is a very important organ in the human body and it has two basic functions, the first is to secrete glands that help in the process of digesting food, and another part contains glands that produce insulin and glucagon, the hormone responsible for raising blood sugar levels. In children, the cells responsible for making insulin are damaged due to either genetic or genetic factors. Because of some viruses or also because of a weak immune system, and today we notice more and more cases of children with diabetes due to a weak immune system, which usually derives its strength from the enzymes present in the abdomen, of which a person acquires 80 percent of them from natural childbirth and breastfeeding. Therefore, we notice a decline in the level of the strength of the immune system Because of the decline in births and breastfeeding, which results in several immune diseases, the most important of which is type 1 diabetes.

Symptoms:

Diabetes can be detected in children when it is measured during a regular monitoring clinic, or if it has gluten sensitivity, it can be detected within the framework of periodic monitoring, but usually children show symptoms indicating the presence of diabetes, such as dizziness, frequent urination, and frequent drinking of water. Advanced when cases of dizziness or coma appear on the infant as a result of diabetes exceeding standard rates in the body. It can also be noticed through symptoms of dizziness and the appearance of signs of dehydration in children, the most important of which are extreme thirst, vomiting and panting.

Complications of diabetes in children:

Childhood diabetes, like other types of diabetes, involves risks to the health of children, whether it rises when the child does not get the dose of insulin he needs or when he eats a lot of sweets. Cases lead to fainting and coma, which are urgent cases that deserve urgent medical attention because they may lead to death.

Diabetes also has long-term effects if the child does not maintain a diet suitable for his health condition, because diabetes, in the event that it is not moderate in the body for many years, its effects gradually accumulate to affect first the small veins in the legs, so we find an injury in a diabetic man that may necessitate Sometimes amputation can also affect the small veins of the kidneys or the heart, causing heart attacks and strokes if the veins of the brain are affected. Diabetes may also accumulate in the nerves, which leads to a feeling of numbness and heaviness in the extremities.

Treatment:

The only treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin injections, and doctors may have to house infants in a private hospital so that they can adjust their diabetes and determine the amount of doses that their bodies will need of insulin. In only one area of the body, because it will become stiff over time, and at that time the insulin dose will not be able to pass into the body. Therefore, the injection sites in the body must be well distributed to include the upper hands, abdomen, and legs, with an emphasis on the importance of the child following a healthy diet suitable for his condition.

Protection:

Prevention is mainly based on regulating dietary habits and removing quickly absorbed diabetes from meals, the most important of which is abandoning white bread and replacing it with bran bread, which helps the body absorb diabetes better than bread made with white flour, in addition to preparing meals suitable for the child that meet his nutritional needs and are completely sugar-free. The mother notices a gradual improvement in the condition of the child and reduces the intake of sugars from the intense hunger that diabetics feel, which is a result of the high level of insulin in the body, and its signs are extreme hunger, sweating and nervousness, which is either due to a great effort or because of the body’s resistance to insulin, which makes it produce more quantity and need The mother always pays close attention to her child to notice these symptoms early, before the condition develops.