Sunday, March 3, 2024

Conjunctivitis.. Inflammation in the form of redness in the lining of the white of the eye and in the inner part of the eyelids - the mucous membrane lining the eyelid

What is conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis, also commonly referred to as pink eye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin transparent tissue that covers the white part of your eye and lines your eyelid.

Types of conjunctivitis:

There are three main types of conjunctivitis:
  • Viral conjunctivitis: This is the most common type, caused by viruses like the common cold virus. It is highly contagious and can spread easily through contact with contaminated hands or objects.
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis: This type is caused by bacteria and is less contagious than viral conjunctivitis. It often causes a thicker discharge from the eye than viral conjunctivitis.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis: This type is caused by allergens such as pollen, dust mites, or pet dander. It causes itching, redness, and watering of the eyes.

Symptoms of conjunctivitis:

Symptoms of conjunctivitis can vary depending on the type, but they often include:
  • Redness of the white of the eye.
  • Increased tear production.
  • Gritty feeling in the eye.
  • Itching of the eye.
  • Swelling of the eyelids.
  • Crusting of the eyelashes, especially in the morning.

Cases of visiting a doctor:

In most cases, conjunctivitis is a mild condition that clears up on its own within a week or two. However, if you experience any of the following symptoms, you should see a doctor:
  • Severe pain in the eye.
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Blurred vision.
  • A discharge that is yellow or green.
  • Symptoms that worsen or do not improve after a few days.

Treatment for conjunctivitis:

Treatment for conjunctivitis depends on the type. Viral conjunctivitis usually does not require treatment and will clear up on its own. Bacterial conjunctivitis may be treated with antibiotic eye drops. Allergic conjunctivis may be treated with antihistamine eye drops or other medications.


Here are some tips to help prevent the spread of conjunctivitis:
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water.
  • Avoid touching your eyes.
  • Do not share towels, washcloths, or eye makeup with others.
  • If you wear contact lenses, be sure to clean them properly and replace them regularly.
  • Dispose of tissues after use and avoid touching your eyes with used tissues.