Saturday, December 19, 2015

Genetic disorders in humans.. Down syndrome. Klinefelter syndrome. Thalassemia. Vinyl disease Kituoraa

Are diseases caused by change in the composition of the genetic material in human, both in the number of chromosomes or installed, and this is called (boom) 
1 - Down syndrome: 
Produces physical chromosome pair plus No. 21 where it becomes 3 chromosomes instead of 2, and its symptoms (short stature - Leather pagan eyelid - a widening of the distance between the eyes - poor mental powers - Age Palace - infertility).2 - Klinefelter syndrome:
Produces chromosome plus in the male sexual Rather than be installed male XY Becomes XXY And symptoms (increased breast size - genital atrophy - infertility) 
3 - Thalassemia: 
Results from the non-transformed fetal hemoglobin to adult hemoglobin during the first 6 months of a child's life. 
The symptoms of this disease (severe anemia - low growth - an enlarged spleen - a weakened immune system) 
* The individual with the disease H F H F                                                         
* Individual that H A H A 
* Capita average injury H A H F 
Where symbolized by the letter H To hemoglobin A character Allele is responsible for adult hemoglobin and character F Allele is responsible for fetal hemoglobin. 
4 - disease Vinyl Kituoraa: 
An infected person does not have the enzyme that converts the amino acid phenylalanine to the amino acid Tairosen causing severe mental retardation.