Friday, January 26, 2024

Endodontically treated 2nd maxillary premolar with moderate M & D caries is best restored by.. Full crown

Endodontically treated 2nd maxillary premolar with moderate M & D caries is best restored by: 

  • A. Amalgam.
  • B. 3/4 crown.
  • C. Full crown.
  • D. Onlay.

Choosing the best restoration for an endodontically treated 2nd maxillary premolar with moderate M & D caries requires considering several factors:

Factors favoring conservative restorations (amalgam, onlay):

- Moderate caries:

The extent of caries is not extensive, suggesting conservative restoration might be sufficient.

- Tooth structure:

Since the tooth is premolar, there's generally more remaining tooth structure compared to molars, potentially making conservative options viable.

- Cost:

Amalgam and onlays are usually cheaper than crowns.

Factors favoring more protective restorations (crowns):

- Endodontically treated:

The tooth's weakened structure due to root canal treatment makes it more susceptible to fractures.

- M & D caries:

This indicates caries on both mesial and distal surfaces, potentially compromising a significant portion of the tooth structure.

- Premolar function:

Premolars bear significant chewing forces, increasing the risk of fracture with weaker restorations.

Based on these factors, here's an analysis of each option:

A. Amalgam:

While cost-effective and durable, amalgam may not provide enough protection for a weakened premolar with moderate caries on multiple surfaces.

B. 3/4 crown:

Offers more protection than amalgam while preserving some tooth structure. It could be a good option if the remaining coronal structure is sufficient.

C. Full crown:

Provides the most protection and reinforces the entire tooth structure, ideal for a weakened premolar with moderate M & D caries. However, it's the most expensive option and removes the most tooth structure.

D. Onlay:

Similar to a 3/4 crown but covers more cuspal area, offering additional strength. It's a potential choice if sufficient tooth structure remains for bonding and the caries hasn't significantly undermined the cusps.

Therefore, the best option depends on the specific clinical situation. While an onlay or 3/4 crown might be suitable in some cases, a full crown may be the preferred choice for optimal protection due to the factors mentioned above.

However, it's crucial to remember that the final decision should be made by a qualified dentist after a thorough clinical examination and considering individual patient factors. They can assess the extent of caries, remaining tooth structure, and specific needs to recommend the most appropriate restoration.