Saturday, January 13, 2024

A danger of prolonged use of pilocarpine salta as a miotic is.. Detached retina. Conjunctivitis

A danger of prolonged use of pilocarpine salta as a miotic is:

  • A- Tearning
  • B- Glaucoma
  • C- Conjunctivitis
  • D- Detached retina
  • E- Lens opacity.

While all the listed options can be potential side effects of pilocarpine salts, the most significant danger of prolonged use as a miotic is: B. Glaucoma.

Here's why:

- Pilocarpine salts:

These medications are miotics, meaning they cause the pupil to constrict. They are commonly used to treat glaucoma by improving aqueous humor outflow from the eye.

- Glaucoma:

This is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, leading to vision loss. Increased intraocular pressure is a major risk factor for glaucoma.

- Paradoxical pupillary block:

In some individuals, long-term use of pilocarpine can paradoxically worsen intraocular pressure by blocking aqueous humor outflow through a different mechanism. This can lead to or worsen existing glaucoma.

Other Options:

While the other options can occur with pilocarpine use, they are either less severe or less likely to be directly exacerbated by prolonged use:

A. Tearing:

This is a common side effect of pilocarpine, but it's usually transient and doesn't pose a major danger.

C. Conjunctivitis:

Inflammation of the conjunctiva can occur with pilocarpine, but it's typically mild and resolves with discontinuation of the medication.

D. Detached retina:

While pilocarpine may theoretically increase the risk of retinal detachment, it's a rare and unlikely complication, especially with proper monitoring and dosage adjustments.

E. Lens opacity:

Cataracts can develop over time in anyone, including pilocarpine users, but there isn't a strong link between pilocarpine and accelerated cataract formation.

Therefore, while all listed side effects should be monitored, the most crucial danger of prolonged pilocarpine use as a miotic is its potential to worsen or induce glaucoma. Regular eye examinations and pressure monitoring are essential for individuals using pilocarpine for long-term treatment.

Remember, this information is for educational purposes only and shouldn't substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor for personalized guidance regarding your specific situation and potential risks associated with pilocarpine use.