Thursday, January 25, 2024

All of this affect rate of absorption except.. protein binding

All of this affect rate of absorption except:

  • A- chemical stability
  • B- PH
  • C- protein binding
  • D- A&B
  • E- B&C

Out of the listed options, the exception that does not affect the rate of absorption of a drug is: C. Protein binding.

Here's why the other options do affect the rate of absorption:

A. Chemical stability:

If a drug is not chemically stable, it can break down in the gastrointestinal tract before reaching the bloodstream, reducing its absorption.

B. pH:

The acidity or alkalinity (pH) of the gastrointestinal tract can affect the solubility of a drug. For example, acidic drugs are absorbed better in the stomach, while basic drugs are absorbed better in the small intestine.

D. A&B:

Both chemical stability and pH can influence the rate of absorption, as explained above.

Protein binding:

While protein binding can affect the distribution and elimination of a drug, it does not directly impact the rate of absorption from the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream. Once a drug is absorbed, some molecules may bind to plasma proteins, making them unavailable to exert their effect. However, this binding doesn't directly impact the initial absorption process.

Therefore, only C. Protein binding among the listed options is not a direct factor affecting the rate of absorption of a drug. The chemical stability, pH, and other factors like dosage form and route of administration play a significant role in determining how quickly a drug enters the bloodstream and exerts its pharmacological action.