Thursday, January 25, 2024

H.SG is investigation for.. Uterus and Fallopian tubes

H.SG is investigation for:

  • A- Bladder.
  • B- Uterus.
  • C- Ureter.
  • D- Kidney.

Out of the listed options, the most accurate answer for what HSG investigates is: B. Uterus and Fallopian tubes.

Here's why the other options are not the primary focus of HSG:

A. Bladder:

While the bladder might be visualized incidentally during an HSG due to its proximity to the uterus, the primary purpose of the exam is not to assess the bladder itself.

C. Ureter:

Similar to the bladder, the ureters might be seen on an HSG, but their visualization is not the main objective of the procedure. They primarily conduct urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

D. Kidney:

Kidneys are internal organs located higher in the abdominal cavity and are not directly visualized by HSG, which focuses on the lower female reproductive organs.


Therefore, HSG (Hysterosalpingography) is a specific X-ray examination designed to primarily:

- Evaluate the uterine cavity:

Assess its shape, size, and presence of any abnormalities like fibroids or polyps.

- Investigate the Fallopian tubes:

Determine if they are open and unobstructed, which is crucial for egg and sperm transport during fertilization.

In some cases, HSG might also provide limited information about the surrounding pelvic structures like the bladder or ureters, but its primary focus remains on the uterus and fallopian tubes.

Remember, HSG is a valuable tool for diagnosing various female reproductive conditions like infertility, pelvic pain, and recurrent miscarriages. Consult with your gynecologist if you have any concerns about your reproductive health and they deem an HSG necessary for diagnosis.