Friday, January 19, 2024

Spinal deformity in children.. A deformity affecting the spine, whether at the level of the lower back, the dorsal region of the rib cage, or the upper region

What is scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a disease that affects children and the elderly as well. It is a deformity that affects the spine, whether at the level of the lower back, the dorsal region of the rib cage, or the upper region. It basically means all deformities that affect the spine (déformation rachidienne). It is a clear case that can be seen with the naked eye.


The child always feels pain at the level of the back, and it may affect the lower back up to the neck and the dorsal region of the rib cage for no reason when carrying a wallet, whether it is heavy or light, or when exerting strong or normal physical effort compared to his peers.

These pains can also affect the legs, so the child's movements are not as flexible as required, although he may be practicing any kind of sports, meaning that this is not linked to a specific physical effort. These are signs that may indicate that the child suffers from scoliosis. In addition, it can be noted that the child suffers from a hump on the back.

Types of scoliosis:

  • Congenital deviation of the spine since birth and has no specific causes.
  • Scoliosis at work or due to exposure to a certain accident...

As for the deviation of the spine that affects children, it is the result of congenital causes since birth, and parents must notice this early to save the child or a deviation due to improper sitting.

Effects of scoliosis on children:

On a physical level:

A child with scoliosis cannot comfortably play with his peers. He is unable to practice many activities like them, as he always suffers from pain and is unable to move as he wishes because he will suffer from pain, so he prefers to be alone and withdrawn.

On the psychological level:

  • Non-acceptance of spinal deformity.
  • Suffering from difficulty breathing.

As a result of the deviation of the spine, the child becomes in a retracted position on himself, which causes him to suffer from difficulty breathing.


There are three types of treatment and they all require physical therapy sessions:

  • The first treatment is a normal treatment when the rate of spinal deviation does not exceed 25 percent (including the level of muscle flexibility and relaxation, control of contraction, strengthening of weak muscles, fixing the way of sitting and making it straight, and improving the level of breathing). The child undergoes physiotherapy classes, in addition to following a healthy lifestyle.
  • The second treatment is an orthodontic treatment that changes every 6 months according to the rate of development of the treatment and the improvement of the child's condition.
  • The third treatment: When the level of curvature exceeds (50 percent), surgery and classes of physical therapy are resorted to.