Sunday, January 7, 2024

What are the warning signs of skin cancer?

Skin Cancer:

Skin cancer can manifest in various forms, and the warning signs can differ depending on the type of skin cancer. The three most common types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.

Warning Signs:

Here are some warning signs to be aware of:

1. Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC):

  • A pearly or waxy bump that may appear translucent.
  • A flesh-colored or brown scar-like lesion.
  • A pinkish growth with raised edges and a central indentation.
  • A sore that does not heal or recurs in the same spot.
  • Small blood vessels visible within the growth.

2. Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC):

  • A red, scaly patch or irritated area that may crust or bleed.
  • An open sore that persists, heals and then reopens.
  • A wart-like growth that may have a rough surface.
  • A raised growth with a central depression.

3. Melanoma:

  • A mole or pigmented spot that changes in size, shape, or color.
  • A lesion with irregular borders or asymmetrical shape.
  • A mole that is multicolored or has uneven coloring.
  • A mole that is larger than a pencil eraser (about 6 mm).
  • A mole that itches, bleeds, or becomes painful.
  • A new growth on the skin.

Caution and prevention:

It's important to remember that not all moles or skin growths are cancerous, but any changes in your skin should be evaluated by a healthcare professional. Additionally, it is recommended to regularly perform self-examinations of the skin to monitor for any new or changing spots. It's also crucial to protect your skin from excessive sun exposure, as ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is a major risk factor for skin cancer. If you notice any concerning skin changes or have any questions, it's best to consult with a healthcare professional or dermatologist. They can perform a thorough examination and, if necessary, conduct further tests to determine if skin cancer is present.