Oral health problems in people with diabetes.. Tooth decay. Gingival recession for sticking to the teeth. Recurrent gingivitis

The Link Between Diabetes and Oral Health:

  • People with diabetes are more likely to develop gum disease: High blood sugar levels can weaken the immune system's ability to fight bacteria in the mouth, leading to gingivitis and periodontitis.
  • Gum disease can worsen diabetes: Severe gum disease can raise blood sugar levels and complicate diabetes management.
  • It's a two-way street: Not only are diabetics more prone to gum disease, but gum disease can also worsen diabetes.

Common Oral Problems in Diabetics:

  • Recurrent gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums, causing redness, swelling, and bleeding.
  • Gingival recession: Gradual wearing away of gum tissue, exposing tooth roots.
  • Increased tooth loss: Diabetes can worsen gum disease and hinder healing after tooth extraction.
  • Dental abscess: Pus-filled infection in the tooth root or between gum and tooth, causing pain and swelling.
  • Tooth decay: High blood sugar creates an environment favorable for cavity-causing bacteria.
  • Oral thrush: Fungal infection causing pain, ulcers, and discomfort.
  • Dry mouth: Can lead to soreness, ulcers, and infections.

Preventing Oral Problems with Diabetes:

  • Maintain good blood sugar control.
  • Brush twice daily for two minutes each time.
  • Floss daily.
  • Schedule regular dental checkups and cleanings.
  • Communicate your diabetes status to your dentist.
  • Consider additional measures like quitting smoking and proper denture care (for thrush prevention).


People with diabetes should prioritize good oral hygiene and regular dental checkups to prevent complications and maintain overall health. By managing blood sugar and practicing good oral hygiene, you can significantly reduce your risk of oral problems.