Wednesday, January 24, 2024

Pt. with chronic renal failure what is developed.. Hyperparathyroidism

Pt. with chronic renal failure what is developed:

  • A. Hyperthyroidism.
  • B. Hyperparathyroidism.

The most likely development for a patient with chronic renal failure is B. Hyperparathyroidism, not Hyperthyroidism.

Here's why:

Chronic renal failure:

This condition affects the kidneys' ability to filter waste products from the blood and regulate electrolyte levels. This can lead to imbalances in various minerals, including calcium and phosphorus.


This condition occurs when the parathyroid glands, located in the neck, become overactive and produce too much parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH plays a key role in regulating calcium and phosphorus levels. In chronic renal failure, the kidneys cannot effectively remove phosphorus from the blood, leading to elevated phosphorus levels. This triggers the parathyroid glands to produce more PTH in an attempt to lower phosphorus levels and increase calcium levels. This overproduction of PTH characterizes secondary hyperparathyroidism, a common complication of chronic renal failure.

- Hyperthyroidism:

While hyperthyroidism can also occur in patients with chronic renal failure, it's less common and usually not directly related to the kidney dysfunction. Other factors, such as autoimmune disorders or thyroid nodules, can contribute to hyperthyroidism.

Therefore, considering the specific condition of chronic renal failure, hyperparathyroidism is the most likely development due to the altered mineral balance and the role of PTH in regulating calcium and phosphorus.

It's important to remember that every patient is unique, and other factors can affect their health and potential complications. Consulting a healthcare professional is crucial for accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plans.