Wednesday, January 24, 2024

Sterilization means killing of.. Virus, fungi, bacteria, bacteria spores

Sterilization means killing of:

  • A. Virus
  • B. Fungi
  • C. Bacteria
  • D. Virus, fungi, bacteria, bacteria spores***
  • E. Virus, fungi, bacteria.

The most accurate answer is D. Virus, fungi, bacteria, and bacterial spores.

Sterilization is a process that eliminates all forms of life, including:
  • Viruses: Microscopic infectious agents that lack cellular structures.
  • Fungi: Eukaryotic organisms that can be single-celled or multicellular, like molds and yeasts.
  • Bacteria: Single-celled prokaryotic organisms that can be beneficial or harmful.
  • Bacterial spores: Dormant, resistant forms of bacteria that can withstand harsh environmental conditions.
Therefore, to effectively sterilize something, you need to eliminate all of these forms of life, not just a specific type.

Other Options:

The other options are partially correct, but they miss some important elements:

A. Virus:

While viruses are included in sterilization, it doesn't encompass the full range of organisms eliminated by the process.

B. Fungi:

Similar to option A, fungi are included, but sterilization goes beyond just them.

C. Bacteria:

This option misses out on viruses, fungi, and bacterial spores, which are also crucial components of sterilization.

E. Virus, fungi, bacteria:

This option comes close, but it doesn't include bacterial spores, which are highly resistant and require specific sterilization methods.

Remember, sterilization is a critical process in various fields, including healthcare, food safety, and scientific research. It ensures that harmful microorganisms are eliminated, preventing the spread of disease and contamination.