Wednesday, January 17, 2024

A child is found to have a mildly elevated serum lead level.. High in iron

A child is found to have a mildly elevated serum lead level. Because of this, nurse Alma instructs the parents in the need to provide the child with a diet that is:

  • A. High in iron
  • B. Low in calcium
  • C. High in fat
  • D. Low in fiber

The correct answer is D. Low in fiber.

Here's the reasoning:

- High in iron (A):

While iron deficiency can worsen lead absorption, increasing iron without specific need and without medical guidance is not recommended.

- Low in calcium (B):

Calcium helps decrease lead absorption in the body, so a healthy intake of calcium sources like dairy products and leafy vegetables is recommended, not necessarily a low intake.

- High in fat (C):

This wouldn't be a specific dietary recommendation related to lead levels.

- Low in fiber (D):

Fiber binds to lead in the digestive tract and helps its excretion, therefore reducing its absorption. This makes a low-fiber diet counterproductive in this case.

Therefore, based on the need to decrease lead absorption in the body, providing a diet low in fiber would be the least helpful. Nurse Alma's recommendation should focus on increasing calcium intake and potentially using specific binding agents if recommended by a healthcare professional.

Remember, it's important to consult with a healthcare professional for specific dietary recommendations in cases of elevated lead levels for children. They can assess the individual's needs and provide appropriate guidance.